As concerns about air quality and its impact on the environment and public health grow, Spain has taken significant steps to address this critical issue. The Ministry for Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge recently published the 2022 Air Quality Assessment report, showcasing promising improvements compared to the previous year. This report not only provides an overview of air quality across different regions but also sheds light on the methodologies used for assessment and management.

Analysing the Air Quality Zones:

The 2022 Air Quality Assessment report meticulously examines each air quality zone in Spain concerning legislated values. Air quality zones are geographic areas where monitoring and control of air pollution are conducted to safeguard public health and the environment. The report presents a comprehensive view of the air quality situation, enabling policymakers and environmentalists to make informed decisions to ensure cleaner air for all.

Collaboration with European Commission:

Spain’s commitment to improving air quality extends beyond its borders. The results presented in the report are set to be reported to the European Commission before September 30th, showcasing the country’s dedication to collaborating on a regional level to address air pollution and its transboundary effects.

Climatological Summary and Saharan Dust Intrusions:

Incorporating a climatological summary of the year, the report relies on data provided by the State Meteorological Agency. This approach allows for a comprehensive understanding of how weather patterns influence air quality. Notably, the report includes information on Saharan dust intrusions, which can significantly impact air quality in certain regions of Spain. Understanding these natural influences is crucial for developing effective air quality management strategies.

Improvements in Air Quality:

The highlight of the 2022 report lies in the positive improvements compared to the previous year. The number of times air quality values were exceeded in 2022 decreased, indicating a step in the right direction. While there were instances where the annual limit value for nitrogen dioxide and the daily limit value for PM10 were exceeded in Avilés, Barcelona, the overall trend shows progress.

Addressing Particulate Matter:

The report emphasizes the importance of addressing particulate matter, especially those with a diameter of 10 microns or less (PM10), which can penetrate the lungs and cause adverse health effects. By targeting these fine particles and taking measures to reduce their presence in the air, Spain aims to safeguard the health and well-being of its citizens.